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Crop Improvement

The Crop Improvement Division was established in the VIII Plan when the Directorate of Pulses Research attained the status of Indian Institute of Pulses Research on 5th September 1993. However, research efforts on breeding improved varieties of pulses were initiated with the establishment of Directorate on Pulses Research in 1984. The Division encompasses a broad range of activities from basic studies on plant genomes to development of improved varieties. The Division includes plant breeding, genetics & cyto-genetics and molecular breeding till 2012. In addition, plant genetic resource management and quality seed production are integral parts of the Division. The mandate crops are chickpea, pigeonpea, mungbean, urdbean, lentil, fieldpea, rajmash, lathyrus, cowpea, ricebean and horsegram.

Thrust areas:

  • Exploitation of heterosis in pigeonpea
  • Integrated approach for genetic enhancement through pre-breeding
  • Development of suitable plant types for different agro-ecological conditions
  • Genomics-enabled improvement of pulse crops
  • Breeding for tolerance to drought & temperature extremities
  • Breeding for improved quality
  • Plant genetic resources management
  • Maintenance breeding, breeder seed production and seed research


Plant Biotechnology

Thrust Areas

  • QTL Mapping and marker assisted introgression for stress tolerance
  • Gene identification and characterization for stress tolerance
  • Establishment of Rapid generation advancement systems for pulses


Crop Production

This division comprises of major disciplines of Crop Production with a scientific strength of nine scientists. Division of Crop Production is engaged in research and extension activities related to the cropping system, integrated nutrient, water and weed management, resource conservation, organic and natural farming, agronomic bio-fortification, farm machineries and post-harvest technology.

Thrust areas:

  • Long term effect of pulses in cropping systems and sustainable intensification in new niches
  • Input use efficiency (water, nutrients and agro-chemicals)
  • Resource Conservation Technologies and farm mechanisation
  • Organic/natural farming in pulse based cropping systems
  • Post-harvest management and value addition
  • New agronomy (nano-fertilisers, herbicides and agronomic bio-fortification)


Crop Protection

The Division of Crop Protection was established in the VIII five year plan when the Directorate of Pulses Research attained the status of Indian Institute of Pulses Research on 5thSeptember 1993. The Division comprises of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Entomology and Nematology sections and engaged in basic and applied strategic research on management of major insect pests; plant pathogens (fungi, bacteria, virus, etc.) and nematodes infesting the mandate crops of the Institute. The Division is equipped with latest facilities for molecular studies on pests and pathogens.

Basic Science

The Division of Basic Science is comprised of four disciplines Plant Physiology, Plant Biochemistry, Microbiology, and Agricultural chemicals. This Division is engaged in carrying out basic & strategic research on different aspects of pulses as per the mandate of the Institute. The Division is well equipped with modern facilities to carry out basic and strategic research viz., physiological constraints to productivity, improved adaptation to abiotic stresses, estimation of health-promoting bioactive substances, pesticide residue analysis, and improving phosphate solubilization and BNF through microbes in pulses.

Thrust Areas:

  • Abiotic Stress PhysiologyEvaluation, phenotyping & physiological characterization of tolerance to major abiotic stresses.
  • Production PhysiologyUnderstanding major yield barrier & stability mechanisms of pulses. Physiological mechanisms of high water & nutrient-use efficiency.
  • Pulses for health and nutritional securityChemical profiling for nutritional and anti-nutritional bioactive components in pulses.
  • Pesticide residue analysisDissipation study of herbicides in different environmental matrices
  • Phosphate solubilization through microbes.Improving P-solubilization from rock-phosphate & enhancing P-use efficiency through PSB.
  • Improving BNF through microbesEnhancing BNF through facilitating nutrients supply using microorganisms
  • Improving water use efficiency through PGPRMitigating drought effect by plant growth-promoting bacteria


Social Science

Division of Social Sciences was established on 1st August 2012. It includes of Agricultural Extension, Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Statistics and Computer Application & IT disciplines. Section on 1st August 2012. The Division is mainly focused on conducting researches towards development of extension methodologies for effective transfer of pulse based technologies to pulse growers. This included leveraging the social institutions, community based approaches and ICT inclusive methodologies. The division also developed several online database & information system and need based user-friendly softwares in addition to extend support in terms of experimental layout and data analysis. The division also engaged in capacity enhancement program for different stakeholders. The division is engaged in assessment of field applicability of pulse based technologies in farmers’ fields. Besides this, the division is also engaged in using field based extension activities like farmers’ day, field days and farmers’ fairs etc.

Thrust Areas:

  • Innovative extension models for diffusion of pulse production technologies.
  • ICT enabled knowledge management.
  • Capacity enhancement of different stakeholders
  • Development of web based data base and information systems for pulses
  • Development of forecasting models. .
  • Impact assessment of pulses production technologies.
  • Economics analysis of pulses, marketing and consumption pattern
  • Generating database and farmer’s feedback for research and extension system
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