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 Technologies available for Commercialization

S. No. Technology(ies) Technology Details Technology Photographs
1. IIPR Dal Chakk IIPR Dal Chakki comprising of feed hopper, vertical rubber steel disk mechanism (chakki)and cyclone separator helps indehusking and splitting ofpretreated pulse grains. Fromhopper grains fall on feeding auger which allows uniformfeeding to the chakki. Dehusking and splitting takes place simultaneously between stationary rubber and rotating steel disks.

Husk and small cotyledon particles are removed from the milledproduct and collected in gunny bag with help of cyclone separator. Driven by 1.5 hp single phase motor IIPR Dal Chakki and gives capacity of 75-125 kg/h for different pulses.

2. Improved IIPR
Mini Dal Mill
1IPR Mini Dal Mill is combination of cleaner-cum grader, emery roller, rubber steel disk mechanism and cyclone separator. Graded grains are passed through emery roller, for pitting or scratching prior to commonly adopted pre-treatments viz., water soaking or oil application. Conditioning for several hours followed by prolong sun drying for several days, loosens the husk. Thus, treated grains are passed through rubber-steel disk vertical chakki for dehusking and splitting.

Soft dehusking minimizes the powdering loss. Emery roller helps in better dehusking of pulses. Driven by 2.0 hp single phase motor the mill gives capacity of 75-125
kg/h for different pulses.

3. IPR Multipurpose Grinder While milling of pulses, broken of cotyledons are produced along with dal, which adversely affects the dal quality. A pulse grinding unit was developed to make powder from broken cotyledons obtained from milling of pulses. Swinging beater type rotor is used to crush the till it passes through strainer provided at the outlet on lower side of the unit.

This grinder was primarily developed for making besan or sattu from pulses, but the machine worked successfully for grinding of spices like turmeric, coriander, red chili, black pepper etc.

4. IIIPR Vertical
Threshing of pulses is cumbersome process. Commercially available threshers are designed for threshing of wheat. To thresh different pulses, these threshers require adjustments in various machine parameters such as drum sieve, cylinder concave clearance, number of pegs, peg orientation etc., which is a difficult and time consuming. Therefore, a vertical thresher was designed and developed to thresh different pulse crops without any adjustment in machine parameters.

Vertical gravity feed system is adopted to thresh sun dried crop up to appropriate moisture. Chopping blades cut the sturdy straw of pulse crops. The thresher can efficiently be used for different pulses.

5. IIPR Pigeonpea
Threshing of pigeonpea in commercially available threshers is difficult due to large plant size. It is difficult to feed into feeding trough and moreover, about half of the plant gets chopped and shredded in the process. Traditionally, pigeonpea plant is beaten by wooden stick or pounded over fixed surfaceinvolving drudgery.

A pigeonpea stripper was designed and developed at the institute, which envisages removal of pods and leaves, with least damage to plant structure. The stripped material can be threshed in any commercially available threshers or vertical thresher developed by IIPR.

6. IIPR Suction Winnower For all the crops winnowing is an essential process after manual threshing. Winnowing of threshed material is an ergonomically cumbersome operation in which operator has to stand in awkward position and in front of blowing air and inhale dust laden blowing air.

A winnower is developed in which operator has to fill hopper which allows free fall of material in a closed chamber in two steps. Suction blower, sucks the light impurities blow it away from operator. The unit has provision to increase or decrease blower speed using step pulley and suction by controlling air flow

7. IIPR Horizontal
Hand Chakki
At cottage scale dal milling is performed with the help of stone chakkies. Soaking, roasting, oil applications etc. are common pretreatments adopted at domestic level. The process involves high level of drudgery and is quite cumbersome. In order to reduce drudgery, hand operated chakki, with horizontal emery disks has been designed and fabricated using bearings at central pivot and handle base. Provision for gap adjustmentbetween the disks has also been made.

Outer channel has also been provided to collect milled fractions to be delivered at single outlet. Cleaning of milled fractions is performed with the help of winnowing basket.

8. IIPR Vertical Hand Chakki A hand operated dal chakki utilizing IIPR pulse milling technology of vertical stationary rubber and rotating steel disks was designed and fabricated. This chakki has potential for adoption at domestic level in rural areas where still dal is made from stone chakkies mostly by ladies.

Thoroughly pre-treated grains are fed from the hopper and gap between the disks can be adjusted according to grain size. Auger feeding mechanism helps uniform input of grains to thedehusking unit. Cleaning of milled fractions is performed with the help of winnowing basket.

9. Value Added
Products from
Pulse Milling
Dal recovery in abrasive dehusking units is about 70% against the potential dal recovery of 85%. Outer layer of cotyledons which is rich in proteins gets mixed with husk due to scouring. The milling byproduct, thus, obtains is rich in proteins, fibers, phenols and antioxidants and often consumed as cattle feed. Therefore, it was envisaged to utilize the protein and fiber rich pulse milling by-product to develop high value edible products for human consumption, instead of low value cattle feed.

With increasing awareness towards advantages of fiber and phenols in human diets such productscan fetch better prices in the market. The milling byproduct as such can be utilized if developing ready-to-eat or cook products in combination with other ingredients such as white flour or whole wheat flour to make biscuits. Cotyledon powder and husk components of the milling byproduct can be separated by sifting with suitable sieve size. The husk component can be used as phenol and fiber rich nutraceuticals, and the cotyledon powder can be utilized as source of pulse proteins. In the study food values of whole grain, cotyledons, byproduct and its fractions were determined, which indicates potential of utilizing the byproduct and its fractions for edible purposes. Technologies are available individually or in bulk

List of Technologies Assessed

List of technologies assessed Productivity (% increase over FP) Profitability (% increase over FP) Replicability Micro-farming situation
Assessment of productivity of chickpea and linseed through improved variety and row ratio. 30.8 19.26 Rainfed Mono-cropping, clay soil
Management of root rot/wilt in chickpea through tolerant variety. 36.50 27.4 High Rainfed Mono-cropping, clay and clay loam soil
Management of field pea powdery mildew through timely sowing. 70 56.50 Medium Rainfed mono-cropping
Evaluation of promising genotype of lentil. 26.80 24.50 High Rainfed Mono-cropping, clay and clay loam soil
Management of pigeonpea wilt through resistance variety. 26.80 22.40 Medium Rainfed mono-cropping, loam soil
Management of wilt, pod borer and weeds in pigeonpea + sorghum mixed cropping systems. 34.50 27.80 Medium Rainfed mono-cropping loam soil
Assessment of balanced buffalo feed using locally available crop residues. 22.73 18.70 Medium
Assessment of pigeonpea and sorghum inter cropping system through the use of appropriate row ratio, improved varieties and irrigation. 28.40 25.50 Medium Rainfed Mono-cropping, loam and sandy loam soil
Management of YMV in kharif mungbean through resistant variety. 48.50 44.75 High Rainfed and irrigated loam and clay loam soil
Control of yellow mosaic virus in Kharif season urdbean through resistant variety. 58.0 32.0 Medium -do-

List of Technologies Refined

List of technologies refined Source of technology Description of the recommended technology Refinement made in the recommended technology Micro-farming situation
Assessment of Integrated Nutrient Management in chickpea IIPR, Kanpur 18 Kg. N + 46 Kg. P 2 O 5 + 20 Kg. S/ha 9 Kg. N + 23 Kg. P 2 O 5 /ha + Rhizobium culture Partial irrigated, clay loam and loam soil
Management of pod-borer in chickpea IIPR, Kanpur NPV @ 250 L.e/ha + ½ dose of Endosulphan (0.07%) followed by NSKE (5%) at one week interval One spray of Endosulphan (0.07%) followed by NSKE (5%) at ten days interval Rainfed and irrigated loam and clay loam soil
Assessment of fertilizer application under limited farmers’ resource. IIPR, Kanpur 18 Kg N + 46 Kg. P 2 O 5 + 20 Kg. S/ha 9 Kg. N + 23 Kg. P 2 O 5 + 10 kg. S/ha -do-
Management of root rot/ wilt in lentil through seed treatment with bio agents and summer ploughing. IIPR, Kanpur Summer ploughing and seed treatment with Trichoderma viridae + Vitavax Seed treatment with Bavistin and Trichoderma viridae -do-
Weed management in pigeonpea + sorghum cropping system. IIPR, Kanpur Pendimethelin @ 1.25 a.i./ha + one weeding after 35 DAS Pendimethelin @ 1.25 a.i./ha -do-
Control of pod fly /pod borer in pigeonpea IIPR, Kanpur NPV (350 L.e) + ½ dose of Monocrotophos 5% NSKE followed by 0.04 Monocrotophos at one week interval -do-
Control of pod fly /pod borer in pigeonpea IIPR, Kanpur Dimethorate 0.036 followed by NPV (350 L.e) + ½ dose of Monocrotophos -do-
Assessment of productive cropping system IIPR, Kanpur and JNKVV, Jabalpur Soybean and short duration variety of paddy Rainfed clay loam soil

List of Fully Validated Technologies Ready For Dissemination & Adoption

  • DCP 92-3 and JG 315 varieties of chickpea are widely accepted and compatible to existing situations
  • Narendra Arhar-1 variety of pigeonpea in wilt prone areas
  • Widely accepted variety of lentil DPL 62 under wilt prone situations of Bundelkhand region
  • IPU 94-1 variety of urdbean
  • Wide acceptance of 9 Kg N + 23 kg P2O5 + 10 Kg S/ha dose of fertiliser has been found in chickpea and lentil by each category of farmers in Hamirpur and Unnao districts of Uttar Pradesh
  • Use of 75-80 Kg/ha seed of chickpea as farmers were using 90-100 Kg/ha before implementation of the project
  • Wide adoption of seed inoculation with Rhizobium culture
  • Spraying of 5% Neem Seed Kernel Extract (NSKE) for the control of pod borer in chickpea and pigeonpea has been found effective, promising and widely accepted by the farmers

Scientists and their area of specialization

Dr. Narendra Kumar,
Principal Scientist & Head (Acting)
Specialization : Resource conservation technology,
Dr. Prasoon Verma
Senior Scientist - SG(ASPE)
Discipline : Agricultural Structures & Process Engineering
Specialization:Post Harvest Management of Pulses
Mr. K.K. Hazra
Scientist (Agronomy)
Specialization: Cropping system research, Carbon modeling
Dr. Chaitanya Prasad Nath
Scientist (Agronomy)
Er. Manmohan Deo
Scientist (Farm Machinery and Power)
Specialization: Design and development of farm machineries, Farm Power, Ergonomics.
Ms.Mrunalini Kancheti
Specialization : Agronomy, Nutrient Management, Soil Fertility and Crop Modelling
Dr. Asik Dutta
Specialization : Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry
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