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Chickpea is an important food legume commodity and have a diverse use with specific consumer preference in the global market. Chickpea production in India has peaked to all time high at 11.23 million tons during 2017-18 (MoAF&W, 2019) and it was sustained to 10.32 million tons (MoAF&W, 2019) which has ushered self sufficiency for this main pulse crop in India. With negligible share of private sector in this crop, this remarkable achievement could be attained with the efforts of chickpea breeders from the National Agricultural Research System (NARS), policy makers at the center and state ministries and personnel of the seed production and certification system. During 2021-22 (fourth estimate), chickpea production of India was 13.75 million tonnes from an acreage of 10.91 million ha. with a productivity of 12.6 q./ha (DES 2023, MOAF&W, GoI). Chickpea solely contributes nearly 50% of the Indian pulse production. States like Maharashtra (25.97% contribution to national production), Madhya Pradesh (18.59%), Rajasthan (20.65%), Gujarat (10.10%) and Uttar Pradesh (5.64%) are major chickpea producing states of India. Chickpea has a diverse consumption pattern in the Indian market. The food products include immature green grain (desi type), mature grain (desi/kabuli type), flour of mature grain (besan, desi type), roasted grain (desi type), flour of roasted grain (shattu, desi type), split grain or pulse (dahl, desi type), snacks (namkeens, desi and kabuli type), flakes (desi type), baked products (from flour, desi type), sweets/savories (from flour, desi type) and various tertiary processed products (cuisines). With the increasing trend of the market of products based on plant protein (protein isolates etc.), importance of chickpea to the processing sector has enhanced further. The global chickpeas market grew from $13.93 billion in 2022 to $14.9 billion in 2023 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.0%. The chickpeas market is expected to grow to $19.19 billion in 2027 at a CAGR of 6.5%. During 2021, INDIA’s share in global Export of chickpea was 5.87% (Rank 5, Export Volume 94.08 MKGs) and share in Import was 12.51% (Rank 2, Import Volume 240.97MKGs). Share of India in in global chickpea Production was 73.46% during 2020 [Tridge, 2023].

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